The citole is a plucked string instrument that was common throughout Europe from 800 - 1600.
Kilian's instrument is based on an illustration from the Cantigas de Santa Maria and was built by his brother. www.instrumentenbau-kilian.de
The oud is an oriental short-necked lute without frets. It is the precursor of the European lute. It came to Spain through the Moors, where people called it la oud, from which the words lute and sound later developed. The mother of the oud, in turn, comes from Persia, is called barbat and is still played there. The Arab musician and scientist al Farabi
described the oud schom in detail in the 10th century.
The ney is a lengthwise flute made of reed. There are Persian, Arabic and Turkish Ney, Kilian plays the Turkish variant. This flute has been around for 7000 years. In the 13th century, the famous Sufi master Rumi attributed to it special properties for elevating the human soul. The Ney has also an important meaning for the dancing Sufis today.
The oldest image of a bagpipe, or bagpipe, comes from France in the middle of the 9th century.
Throughout Europe and the Near and Middle East bagpipes are known and still played today. The Scottish bagpipe as we know it now did not develop until the late 16th century.
Often bagpipes have been shepherd's instruments, in Bulgaria, Macedonia and Greece this is still the case today. The German shepherd's pipe is also named after the profession of the shepherd.
We know bagpipes from Iran, Armenia, Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Croatia, Italy, Spain, France, Ireland, Scotland, Sweden, Estonia, Belarus, Ukraine to name a few.
Kilian plays Spanish gaita, Bulgarian gajda, shepherd's pipe and medieval dulcimer.
The Tombak or Zarb is a Persian cup drum. It has a central role in the folk and classical music of Iran. This hammer drum sounds very warm. It has a lot of different sounds. The playing techniques on this instrument are also very versatile.
The tombak can be used as a virtuoso solo instrument and also for accompaniment.